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Windows使用Cygwin和Gitolite搭建Git服务器
关键词:Git ┊ 来源: 原创收藏

安装Cygwin

  1. 下载 setup.exe
  2. 打开setup.exe, 选择Install from Internet
  3. 选择安装Cygwin到C:\cygwin
  4. 选择存储下载文件的目录为C:\
  5. 选择下载站点的镜像
  6. 选择安装以下软件包:
    • Net | openssh (不要选成openssl)
    • Devel | git
    • Devel | git-completion
    • Devel | git-gui
    • Devel | git-svn (如果需要同时提交到svn)
    • Devel | gitk
    • Editors | vim

集成Cygwin和Windows Security

  1. 打开C:\cygwin\Cygwin.bat
  2. $ bin/cyglsa-config
    Warning: Registering the Cygwin LSA authentication package requires administrator privileges! You also have to reboot the machine to activate the change. 

    Are you sure you want to continue? (yes/no)
  3. 选择yes
  4. 重启Windows

搭建SSH服务器

  1. 打开C:\cygwin\Cygwin.bat
  2. $ ssh-host-config
    *** Info: Generating /etc/ssh_host_key
    *** Info: Generating /etc/ssh_host_rsa_key
    *** Info: Generating /etc/ssh_host_dsa_key
    *** Info: Generating /etc/ssh_host_ecdsa_key
    *** Info: Creating default /etc/ssh_config file
    *** Info: Creating default /etc/sshd_config file
    *** Info: Privilege separation is set to yes by default since OpenSSH 3.3.
    *** Info: However, this requires a non-privileged account called 'sshd'.
    *** Info: For more info on privilege separation read /usr/share/doc/openssh/README.privsep.
    *** Query: Should privilege separation be used? (yes/no)
  3. 选择yes
    *** Info: Note that creating a new user requires that the current account have
    *** Info: Administrator privileges. Should this script attempt to create a
    *** Query: new local account 'sshd'? (yes/no)
  4. 选择yes
    *** Info: Updating /etc/sshd_config file
    *** Info: Added ssh to C:\WINDOWS\system32\driversc\services


    *** Warning: The following functions require administrator privileges!

    *** Query: Do you want to install sshd as a service?
    *** Query: (Say "no" if it is already installed as a service) (yes/no)
  5. 选择yes
    *** Query: Enter the value of CYGWIN for the daemon: []
  6. 输入tty
    *** Info: The sshd service has been installed under the LocalSystem
    *** Info: account (also known as SYSTEM). To start the service now, call
    *** Info: `net start sshd' or `cygrunsrv -S sshd'. Otherwise, it
    *** Info: will start automatically after the next reboot.

    *** Info: Host configuration finished. Have fun!
  7. 配置结束,确认端口22可用。启动服务:sc start sshd

允许SSH客户端访问

  1. 创建一个名为git的用户,设置密码,并确保密码不会过期。
  2. 在Cygwin Bash中,执行命令: mkpasswd -l -u git >> /etc/passwd

验证下SSH登录

  1. 打开Cygwin Bash
  2. $ ssh git@10.0.2.15
    Administrator@china-fe1bdcde5 ~
    $ ssh git@10.0.2.15
    The authenticity of host '10.0.2.15 (10.0.2.15)' can't be established.
    ECDSA key fingerprint is 5d:a6:81:98:43:fa:5a:f6:df:ba:18:b9:a0:76:87:f8.
    Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
    Warning: Permanently added '10.0.2.15' (ECDSA) to the list of known hosts.
    git@10.0.2.15's password:
    Could not chdir to home directory /home/git: No such file or directory
    Copying skeleton files.
    These files are for the users to personalise their cygwin experience.

    They will never be overwritten nor automatically updated.

    `./.bashrc' -> `/home/git//.bashrc'
    `./.bash_profile' -> `/home/git//.bash_profile'
    `./.inputrc' -> `/home/git//.inputrc'
    `./.profile' -> `/home/git//.profile'

    git@china-fe1bdcde5 ~
    $
  3. 以git用户登录成功

创建SSH密钥, 并使能够通过SSH identity以git用户登录SSH服务器

  1. 打开Cygwin Bash
  2. $ ssh-keygen -t rsa (所有输入都为空,即使用默认配置,密码为空)
    $ ssh-keygen -t rsa
    Generating public/private rsa key pair.
    Enter file in which to save the key (/home/Administrator/.ssh/id_rsa):
    Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase):
    Enter same passphrase again:

    Your identification has been saved in /home/Administrator/.ssh/id_rsa.
    Your public key has been saved in /home/Administrator/.ssh/id_rsa.pub.
    The key fingerprint is:
    6a:02:9f:42:99:7c:fe:52:e7:a9:fe:1b:15:1e:70:31 Administrator@china-fe1bdcde5
    The key's randomart image is:
    +--[ RSA 2048]----+
    | . E. |
    | o . |
    | o |
    | . o . o |
    | * . S o |
    | . = ..... |
    | . =.oo.. |
    | ..+ o. |
    | o+oo. |
    +-----------------+
  3. $ ssh-copy-id git@10.0.2.15 (输入git用户密码)
    $ ssh-copy-id git@10.0.2.15
    git@10.0.2.15's password:
    Now try logging into the machine, with "ssh 'git@10.0.2.15'", and check in:

    ~/.ssh/authorized_keys

    to make sure we haven't added extra keys that you weren't expecting.
  4. 验证下,以git用户登录:ssh git@10.0.2.15
    $ ssh git@10.0.2.15
    Last login: Sat Jun 11 23:06:14 2011 from china-fe1bdcde5

    git@china-fe1bdcde5 ~
    $
  5. 不需要输入密码,即登录成功

安装Gitolite

  1. 打开Cygwin Bash
  2. $ cd /tmp
  3. $ git clone git://github.com/sitaramc/gitolite.git
  4. $ cd gitolite/src/
  5. $ ./gl-easy-install git 10.0.2.15 alec (可以单独执行gl-easy-install查看各个参数的意义)
  6. 根据安装向导一步步完成配置(其中需要配置alec的密码,生成SSH密钥)
  7. 当走到需要编辑配置文件(用vim编辑)的时候,在开头插入:$ENV{PATH} = "/usr/local/bin:/bin:/usr/bin";,保存并退出(:wq) 如: 
    # configuration variables for gitolite
    $ENV{PATH} = "/usr/local/bin:/bin:/usr/bin"; 
    # PLEASE READ THE DOCUMENTATION BEFORE EDITING OR ASKING QUESTIONS
    # ( http://github.com/sitaramc/gitolite/blob/pu/doc/gitolite.rc.mkd )
    # ( or http://sitaramc.github.com/gitolite/doc/gitolite.rc.html )

    # this file is in perl syntax. However, you do NOT need to know perl to edit
    # it; it should be fairly self-explanatory and easy to maintain
  8. 继续完成安装。当完成安装之后,可以在当前用户的home目录下面看到gitolite-admin目录。
  9. $ cd ~/gitolite-admin
  10. $ git status
    Administrator@china-fe1bdcde5 ~/gitolite-admin
    $ git status
    # On branch master
    nothing to commit (working directory clean)

到此整个git server已经安装结束,可以参考Gitolite文档来配置:添加user和repository

本文由 jack 发布于 2352天 23小时 24分钟前,目前已有 4367 人浏览
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